Teopanzolco (Nahuatl="in the old temple") is an Tlahuica ceremonial center that, today, is completgely enclosed by a modern city, Cuernavaca. The Tlahuica people were conquered by the Mexica around 1438 and incorporated into the Triple Alliance (which Alexander von Humboldt misnamed "Aztec" in the 19th century). The site consists of a plaza surrounded by platforms for structures whose specific usage, though almost certainly ritual (perhaps altars?), is still largely unknown. A tomb found at one of these platforms contained the bones of 92 people, including children, a finding that confirmed the fact that Central Mexican peoples other than the Mexica, who founded Tenochtitlán, practiced human sacrfifice.

Most imposing of the structures at Teopanzolco is the pyramid platform for temples to the gods Tlaloc and Huitzilopochtli:

A fine example of early Aztec "twin-stair" style, early 20th century excavation left two stages of the construction visible.

What's left of the Temple of Tlaloc atop the pyramid. Tlaloc was a principal god of rain, without which life could not be sustained.

And what's left of the Temple of Huitzilopochtli, the god who, inter alia, kept the sun rising day by day.


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